Indonesia is a presidential republic and with more than fourteen thousand islands, it is the largest island country in the world by the number of islands. It is also the world's fourth most populous country with a population of around 250 million people.
Even though Indonesia was hit hard by the Asian Financial Crisis in the late 1990s, the Indonesian macroeconomic indicators started to come back on track in the mid-2000s. Despite a little slowdown in growth since 2012, Indonesia’s growth trajectory remains impressive. The country’s gross national income per capita has steadily risen and during the global financial crisis, Indonesia belonged to the only three G20 members posting growth (together with India and China). After the Asian crisis and the regime change in 1999 a process of political democratization and liberalization was initiated that is continuing up to the present day.
Despite the economic growth and significant improvements of the conditions for investment, corruption remains a serious impediment to Indonesia's development. However, progress has been made and tackling corruption has been a major priority of government in recent years. The biggest step in that direction by the Indonesian government was the establishment of the Corruption Eradication Commission (Indonesian: Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi, abbreviated KPK) to free Indonesia from corruption by investigating and prosecuting cases of corruption as well as monitoring the governance of the state.
Also due to the efforts payed, Indonesia's corruption perception ranking has steadily declined. In 2014, Transparency International still ranked Indonesia 107th out of 175 countries in its index measuring how corrupt countries’ public sectors are perceived to be. In 2016 it was ranked 90th out of 176 countries, which shows a big change, but there is still room for improvement.
|Population:||250 Million inhabitants||GDP per capita:||3.347 US$ (2015)|
|Form of government:||Presidential Republic||TI CPI rank:||90 out of 176 (2016)|
|GDP:||862 billion US$ (2015)||Score:||37/100 (2016)|
Indonesia joined as the fourth country the Alliance for Integrity is active in. The Alliance for Integrity started its activities in Indonesia in mid-2016 and its office is located in the Indonesian capital Jakarta. By the end of September 2016, the Alliance for Integrity officially launched and the local Advisory Group was set up. The latter comprises representatives of the following organisations: