Ghana is located in West Africa, has a population of around 27 million people and is classified as a low middle income country. According to data from the World Bank, GDP growth was relatively high until 2011, while 2015 saw the fourth consecutive year of decreasing GDP rates (from 14% in 2011 to 4% in 2014). The service sector has the highest share of GDP (50%) followed by industry (28.5%), which mainly consists of mining, manufacturing and construction and agriculture (21%). With around 5%, Ghana has a relatively low unemployment rate. However, a high share of the employment is generated in the informal sector.
In the Corruption Perception Index of 2016, Ghana ranked 70th out of 176 countries. This marks a significant increase of perceived corruption in comparision to the previous year.
According to the Global Corruption Barometer 2015, a survey conducted by Transparency International and the Afrobarometer, petty corruption in the public sector is still a major problem in Ghana. The majority (76%) of Ghanaians believe that corruption has increased over the past year. They also stated that government has performed poorly in the fight against corruption. In total, 36% of those surveyed indicated having paid a bribe in the past year.
Ghana has ratified the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC), the African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption and the ECOWAS Protocol on the Fight Against Corruption (ECOWAS Protocol), which were adopted at the regional and sub-regional levels respectively. In 1993 the Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice (CHRAJ) was established. It is assigned with investigating alleged violations of human rights, including corruption of public officials and with taking action to remedy proven violations. The Economic and Organised Crime Office (EOCO) is the second main anti-corruption body in Ghana and is in charge of monitoring and investigating economic and organised crime, and - on the authority of the Attorney general – of prosecuting such offences. The latest initiative is the National Anti-Corruption Action Plan 2012-2021 (NACAP) which comprises Ghana’s national framework to determine anti-corruption activities. Thanks to the incorporation of the NACAP into national development planning, the plan is an integral part of the regular annual activities of public institutions. It also includes activities in the private sector, which are carried out by the Private Enterprise Federation (PEF).
|Population:||27 million inhabitants||GDP per capita:||1370 US$ (2015)|
|Form of government:||Presidential democracy||TI CPI rank:||70 out of 176 (2016)|
|GDP:||37.5 billion US$ (2015)||Score:||43/100 (2016)|
The Alliance for Integrity has been active since 2015 in Ghana. The Alliance for Integrity office in Ghana is located in Accra, where most headquarters of companies and organisations can be found. The Alliance for Integrity is working closely with the existing initiatives to promote best practice in business establishment and to foster collective action to deepen integrity in corporate Ghana.
In April 2016 the Advisory Group Ghana was established. It comprises representatives of the following organisations: