Brazil is the largest country of South America and has a population of over 200 million people. The country is categorised by the World Bank as an upper middle income country with a GDP of 1.7 trillion US$, making it the 9th largest economy in the world.
Brazil ranked 79 out of 176 countries in the Corruption Perception Index 2016 by Transparency International. 2013 by Transparency International indicate that the majority (70%) of Brazilians surveyed agree on the seriousness of the challenge and a significant number (40%) believe that the government acts according to its own interests. Furthermore, in Transparency International’s 2011 Bribe Payers Index, Brazil ranked 14th out of the 28 largest economies in the world with respect to the perceived likelihood of their companies to pay bribes abroad.
Brazil has ratified the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention, the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC), the Inter-American Convention against Corruption and the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.
Moreover, Brazil is known for its strong legal framework aimed at preventing corruption, especially regarding the specific provisions contained in the Brazilian Penal Code. In addition, 2014 saw Brazil pass an anti-bribery law (Clean Company Act (12846/2013)) that makes businesses liable for corruption committed against the public administration. Furthermore, the country’s government is one of the founders of the Open Government Partnership (OGP), which is a multilateral initiative that aims to secure concrete commitments from governments to promote transparency and fight corruption.
Instituto Ethos is the leading Corporate Social Responsibility organisation in the country, known for raising awareness on corruption and bribery for industrial federations in Brazil. Together with other organisations, Instituto Ethos launched the Business Pact for Integrity and Against Corruption, which has committed more than 500 companies to respect certain directives and procedures aimed at curbing corruption. The local chapter of Transparency International, Transparencia Brasil, runs several anti-corruption projects and functions, operating in a similar manner to that of an advisory organ to federal and state governmental institutions.
Corruption scandals in Brazil in the past led to massive public demonstrations in the country that have gained extensive media coverage and have now set the stage for the private sector to get involved and pay closer attention to matters of corporate transparency and integrity.
|Population:||204.5 million inhabitants||GDP per capita:||8,539 US$ (2015)|
|Form of government:||Presidential federative republic||TI CPI rank:||79 out of 176 (2016)|
|GDP:||1,775 billion US$ (2014)||Score:||40/100|
The Alliance for Integrity has been active in Brazil since 2014. The Alliance for Integrity office in Brazil is located in São Paulo, a city with over 20 million inhabitants, often considered a melting pot and the financial capital of the nation.
In May 2016 the joint Advisory Group of the Alliance for Integrity and Transparency International was established. It comprises representatives of the following organisations: