Brazil is the largest country of South America and has a population of over 207.7 million people. The country is categorised by the World Bank as an upper middle income country with an impressive GDP of 1,796,186.59 million US$, making it the 9th largest economy in the world, and making up nearly half of the Latin American economy.
Brazil ranked 96 out of 180 countries in the latest released Corruption Perception Index by Transparency International in 2017. Compared to 2016 (rank 79/176), this marks a significant increase in perceived corruption, which highlights the challenge of corruption in the country. The results of the Global Corruption Barometer 2017 by Transparency International indicate that the majority (83%) of Brazilians surveyed agree that they feel empowered to fight against corruption, at the same time 78% of the respondents saw the level of corruption as increasing over the previous 12 months. Furthermore, over 74 % of the asked people said, that it is socially acceptable to report a case of corruption.
Brazil has ratified the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention, the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC), the Inter-American Convention against Corruption and the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.
Moreover, Brazil is known for its strong legal framework aimed at preventing corruption, especially regarding the specific provisions contained in the Brazilian Penal Code. In addition, 2014 saw Brazil pass an anti-bribery law (Clean Company Act (12846/2013) that makes businesses liable for corruption committed against the public administration. Furthermore, in November of 2017 the Decree 9203 was published that requests Federal Bodies to implement compulsory compliance programmes.
Furthermore, the country’s government is one of the founders of the Open Government Partnership (OGP), which is a multilateral initiative that aims to secure concrete commitments from governments to promote transparency and fight corruption.
Instituto Ethos is the leading Corporate Social Responsibility organisation in the country, known for raising awareness on corruption and bribery for industrial federations in Brazil. Together with other organisations, Instituto Ethos launched the Business Pact for Integrity and Against Corruption, which has committed more than 500 companies to respect certain directives and procedures aimed at curbing corruption. The local chapter of Transparency International, Transparência Internacional, runs several anti-corruption projects and functions, operating in a similar manner to that of an advisory organ to federal and state governmental institutions.
Corruption scandals in Brazil in the past led to massive public demonstrations in the country that have gained extensive media coverage and have now set the stage for the private sector to get involved and pay closer attention to matters of corporate transparency and integrity.
|Population:||207.7 million inhabitants||GDP per capita:||8,650 US$ (2016)|
|Form of government:||Presidential federative republic||TI CPI rank:||96 out of 180 (2017)|
|GDP:||1,796 billion US$ (2016)||Score:||37/100 (2017)|
The Alliance for Integrity has been active in Brazil since 2014. The Alliance for Integrity office in Brazil is located in São Paulo, a city with over 12 million inhabitants, often considered a melting pot and the financial capital of the nation.
In May 2016 the joint Advisory Group of the Alliance for Integrity and Transparency International was established. It comprises representatives of the following organisations:
The compliance training DEPE was recognised as an effective measure to prevent corruption by Enccla. Enccla is the National Strategy Against Corruption and Money Laundering, and it is formed by more than 64 bodies from public sector from Brazil. In 2017, the Alliance for Integrity was invited by Enccla to take part as a guest to Action 06 – Primary prevention against corruption.
The Alliance for Integrity was invited by Ministry of Agriculture in Brazil to join the Management Committee of the Agro+Integrity seal.